Kidney stone fact
the lifetime risk:
10 to 15% in the developed world
20 to 25% in the middle East
Developed Asian Countries suffer changes from traditional to industrialized diet, due to lifestyle changes and globalization with the spread of Western culture. Accompanying these changes in food consumption at a global and regional level have been considerable health consequences such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. These lifestyle diseases are the most common cause of death in the world and a great burden for society.
One of the lifestyle disease “Obesity” has been considered a major contributor to the increased frequency of Urolithiasis(kidney stone)seen in recent years. Urolithiasis is one of the common problems in countries in tropical Asia. It accounts for 40% of renal problems in Pakistan, which is a country in the “stone belt.” The hot climate and dietary factors play important roles.
Evidence also suggests association of kidney stones with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Urolithiasis deaths per million persons in 2012
Reference: Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2012–
The increased risk of dehydration in hot climates, coupled with a diet 50% lower in calcium and 250% higher in oxalates compared to Western diets, accounts for the higher net risk in the Middle East.
The Middle East : Uric acid stones are more common than calcium-containing stones.
The world : The number of deaths due to kidney stones is estimated at 19,000 per year being fairly consistent between 1990 and 2010.
North America and Europe : The annual number of new cases per year of kidney stones is roughly 0.5%.
The United States : About 9% of the population has had a kidney stone. The frequency in the population of urolithiasis has increased from 3.2% to 5.2% from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s.
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【Acknowledgments】 Credit to all the authors of the articles in reference.
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